Hezbollah

The Deterrent Relationship Between Israel and Hezbollah between 1982 and 2006

Issued on 21/08/2008 Type Article
This study analyzes the mutual deterrent relationship between Israel and Hezbollah as it existed between 1982 and 2006. Its objective is to provide a better understanding of the State of Israel’s deterrent capabilities against terrorist and guerrilla organizations in general, and Hezbollah in particular.
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The Israeli security forces recently detained an Israeli Arab studying medicine in Germany, suspected of having been recruited by Hezbollah and of receiving large sums of money.

Issued on 10/08/2008 Type Article
The incident shows that Hezbollah regards Israeli Arabs as attractive targets and exploits its overseas networks to them as agents.
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Strong criticism was heard in Lebanon following the celebrations marking the return of Hezbollah’s prisoners, notably Samir Kuntar.

Issued on 03/08/2008 Type Article
Hezbollah was accused of seeking to establish a radical Islamic country of “resistance” (terrorism) in Lebanon, ruled by Iran and exposed to harsh retaliatory measures from Israel.
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Reactions to the prisoner exchange deal:

Issued on 22/07/2008 Type Article
Syria, Iran, Lebanon and the Palestinian Authority joined Hezbollah’s joyous propaganda campaign, strongly supported by the popular channel Al-Jazeera. On the other hand, the official government-controlled media of Egypt, Jordan and Saudi Arabian played down the issue and in general refrained from praising Hezbollah
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Two years after the second Lebanon war the bodies of Eldad Regev and Ehud Goldwasser were exchanged for five Lebanese prisoners, including the terrorist murderer Samir Kuntar, and 199 terrorist remains.

Issued on 18/07/2008 Type Article
Hezbollah exploited the exchange to produce a propaganda campaign aiming to strengthen its political position in Lebanon.
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Information on Hezbollah
Hezbollah is a Shi'ite Muslim organization with a dual identity, being both a terrorist organization and a Lebanese political party. Hezbollah was founded by the Iranian Revolutionary Guards in 1982 to compete with Amal, an important Shi'ite Muslim militia active during the Lebanese civil war. When the IDF withdrew from Lebanon at the end of the First Lebanon War (1985), Hezbollah became the dominant organization in south Lebanon and later throughout the entire Shi'ite population in Lebanon. In 1992 Hezbollah entered Lebanese politics and its representatives were elected to the parliament.
Hezbollah is the main terrorist organization attacking Israel from over the Lebanese border and abroad. For the most part Hezbollah attacks northern Israeli cities with rockets. However, with direction and backing from Iranian Revolutionary Guards, Hezbollah also attacked Jewish and Israeli targets abroad, the most serious of which were the attack on the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires (March 17, 1992) and the attack on the Jewish Community Center, also in Buenos Aires (July 18, 1994). Hezbollah has been designated as a terrorist organization by the United States and the European Union.
After the IDF withdrew from south Lebanon in May 2000 Hezbollah took control of the entire region. With Iranian support it constructed a vast military infrastructure, including an extensive rocket system which threatens the Israeli home front. Before the Second Lebanon War (2006) Hezbollah carried out sporadic attacks along the border. Since June 2006 it has maintained a relatively low profile. Hezbollah continues to increase its influence as a political power in Lebanon and to reinforce its military might.